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Climate change in Nunavik

DID YOU KNOW?

Climate change occurs when long-established weather patterns begin to change. Accelerated by human activity, global warming has complex and sometimes irreversible global consequences.

How is Nunavik's climate changing?

The North and South Poles are most affected by climate change. At the poles, the average annual temperatures are warming up to 4 times faster.

Temperature, weather, climate?

Temperature refers to the degree of heat or cold, while weather refers to the atmospheric situation. Climate, on the other hand, is assessed over a minimum period of 30 years and refers to an average of observed temperatures.

What are the impacts on Nunavik?

Rapid snowmelt

Ice conditions are becoming increasingly unstable, and travel across the territory is much more unpredictable.

Danger on the ground

Snow on the ground melts faster, even in cold seasons. The melting of permafrost is also a major issue, as it alters soil solidity and increases the release of gases buried in the ground, increasing the greenhouse effect.

Food safety

Food safety is at risk. Access to food is more difficult.

Unsteable weather

Precipitation in the form of rain, storms, and winds are more frequent and stronger.

Water poisoning

Contaminants from elsewhere poison drinking water.

Lives in danger

Increased risk of flooding and drowning.

Hunting in danger

Hunting conditions and travel to sites are more complex and dangerous.

Impacts on wildlife

The migration of local animals is endangered, and new predators move in.

Difficult travel

Access to ice roads is much more difficult.

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What role do humans play in these changes?

Climate variations are natural. However, the burning of fossil fuels such as diesel accelerates the cycle. Its use generates greenhouse gas emissions that trap the sun’s heat, causing temperatures to rise.

There are solutions!

Mitigation

Reduce greenhouse gas emissions. An energy transition to clean, sustainable energy technologies is needed.

Adaptation

Deploy a set of initiatives that serve to strengthen the resilience of ecosystems, infrastructures, and systems in general to counter the real effects expected from climate change.

Why is it urgent to act?

Although climate change cannot be stopped, we must act urgently to limit its impact and stabilize the rise in temperature. 

It’s important to take part in this masterful collective effort at every level: from individuals to governments, companies, and businesses.

Everyone counts, and every gesture counts!

Spread the information

Download the poster!

The best way to educate yourself and become aware of a cause is to talk about it! Download the poster and share it with your friends and colleagues !

Sources

NASA – What’s the difference between weather and climate, https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/noaa-n/climate/climate_weather.html
Climate change: Global temperature, https://www.climate.gov/news-features/understanding-climate/climate-change-global-temperature
Observation on the Arctic essential climate variables, http://ametsoc.net/sotc/Chapter_05.pdf
What is climate change?, https://www.un.org/fr/climatechange/what-is-climate-change
Climate change is affecting all regions of Canada, https://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/internet/English/att__e_39875.html
Climate change: The Basics, https://climateatlas.ca/climate-change-basics
Nunavik and Nunatsiavut regional climate information update, https://arcticnet.ulaval.ca/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Nunavik-and-Nunatsiavut-regional-climate-information-update_pdfversionFINAL_compress-min.pdf
Northern Canada, regional perspectives report, https://changingclimate.ca/site/assets/uploads/sites/4/2020/11/Northern-Chapter-Regional-Perspectives-Report.pdf
The Arctic is warming 4 times faster than the world. What does that mean for the N.W.T?, https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/arctic-warming-dehcho-region-1.6664273
Change in temperature and precipitation in Canada, https://changingclimate.ca/CCCR2019/fr/chapitre/4-0/
Understanding the effects of climate change on food security in northern Indigenous communities, https://arcticnet.ulaval.ca/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Nunavik-and-Nunatsiavut-regional-climate-information-update_pdfversionFINAL_compress-min.pdf
Temperature changes in Canada, https://www.canada.ca/fr/environnement-changement-climatique/services/indicateurs-environnementaux/changements-temperature.html

New report illustrates the domino effect of Arctic sea-ice change, https://nunatsiaq.com/stories/article/new-report-illustrates-the-domino-effect-of-arctic-sea-ice-change/
Impacts of the climate change on traditional foods: Evidence from the Indigenous knowledge working group, https://www.canada.ca/fr/savoir-polaire/publications/aqhaliat/volume-4/changements-climatiques.html#climate-change-evidence
Global warming and northern populations, https://www.oiiq.org/sites/default/files/uploads/periodiques/Perspective/vol11no2/15-sante-publique.pdf
National inuit strategy on climatic changes, https://www.itk.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/ITK_Climate-Change-Strategy_French-Online.pdf
Understand the science of adaptation, https://www.ouranos.ca/fr/attenuation-adaptation
Actions to fight against climate change, https://www.quebec.ca/gouvernement/politiques-orientations/plan-economie-verte/actions-lutter-contre-changements-climatiques
County of Hudon corporate climate change adaptation plan, https://connectedcountyofhuron.ca/corporate-climate-change-adaptation-plan
Environmental change in the Kitikmeot Region of western Nunavut and Ulukhaktok region fo eastern Northwest Territories, https://www.canada.ca/en/polar-knowledge/publications/aqhaliat/volume-4/environmental-change.html
Canada releases new report outlining climate change impacts in Canada’s north and ongoing adaptation actions, https://www.canada.ca/fr/ressources-naturelles-canada/nouvelles/2022/11/le-canada-rend-public-un-nouveau-rapport-qui-fait-etat-des-impacts-des-changements-climatiques-dans-le-nord-canadien-et-des-mesures-dadaptation-en-.html